Hagia Sophia stands as one of the most significant cultural and historical landmarks in the world, embodying a scene of cultural and civilizational convergence through the ages. Located in Istanbul, Turkey, Hagia Sophia represents a unique model of coexistence between East and West, and Islam and Christianity.

When Was the City of Hagia Sophia Founded?

Hagia Sophia was initially founded as a Christian church in the 6th century under the name "Hagia Sophia Cathedral" and was built by Emperor Justinian I. It served as a church for nearly a thousand years before being converted into a mosque after the Ottoman conquest of Istanbul in 1453. In the 20th century, it was transformed once again into a global historical museum.


The Unique Cultural and Historical Diversity in the City of Hagia Sophia

The city of Hagia Sophia is one of the richest in culture in Turkey and the world. It blends the traces of many civilizations and religions over the ages, making it a unique place to explore cultural and historical diversity through:

Byzantine Heritage: The history of Hagia Sophia dates back to the Byzantine period, which left rich cultural traces in the city. The Christian icons and Byzantine decorations in Hagia Sophia represent this era and remind us of the passage of time.

Ottoman Influence: After the Ottoman conquest of Istanbul in the 15th century, Hagia Sophia was converted into a mosque, which can be seen in the building's interior design. Visitors can explore Ottoman artwork, inscriptions, and sculptures inside the mosque.

Museum and Cultural Landmark: In recent decades, Hagia Sophia has been transformed into an important historical museum that welcomes visitors from all around the world. The museum contains a diverse cultural collection that includes many artifacts, paintings, and exhibits reflecting Istanbul's history.

Islamic Culture: After Hagia Sophia was reclaimed as a mosque in 2020, the city also became a center for Islamic culture. Visitors can enjoy prayers and religious activities inside the mosque and learn about Islamic traditions.

Events and Activities: Many cultural events and festivals are held in the city of Hagia Sophia throughout the year. It is known to host music and art shows and various cultural events that bring together many cultures.

Tourism: Hagia Sophia and Istanbul, in general, are among the world's most important tourist destinations. Millions of visitors annually explore the history, culture, arts, and delicious cuisine of this city.